مــــنـتـــدى الـستار
أهلا و سهلا بكم نرجو من حضرتكم التشرف بالدخول أو بالتسجيل و ستجدون كل تحتاجونه في منتدى الستار

french adjectives possessives

اذهب الى الأسفل

french adjectives possessives

مُساهمة من طرف لميس في الأحد 07 ديسمبر 2008, 8:55 pm

French Possessive Adjectives
Adjectifs possessifs
Lesson | Test

Possessive adjectives are the words used in place of articles to indicate to whom or to what something belongs. Their usage is similar to English, but there are some differences in form.

The following table shows the forms of French possessives. Don't worry - I'll explain them all below.

English Masculine Feminine Before vowel Plural
my mon ma mon mes
your (sing., fam.) ton ta ton tes
his, her, its son sa son ses
our notre notre notre nos
your (plur., form) votre votre votre vos
their leur leur leur leurs

As you can see, French has many more possessives than English. For singular subjects (I, you, he/she/it), there are three forms of the possessive. The gender, number, and first letter of the noun possessed determine which form to use.

MY YOUR HIS, HER, ITS
masc: pen mon stylo ton stylo son stylo
fem: watch ma montre ta montre sa montre
vowel: friend mon amie ton amie son amie
plural: brothers mes frères tes frères ses frères

When a feminine noun begins with a vowel, the masculine possessive is used in order to keep from saying something like ma amie, where the flow of the sentence would be broken (learn more).

NOTE: An important difference between French and English is that in French it is the gender of the noun that determines which form to use, not the gender of the subject. This is particularly difficult when talking about him/her/it. Son, sa, and ses can each mean his, her, or its depending on the context.

son lit can mean his bed, her bed, or its bed (e.g., the dog's)

When describing two or more nouns, a possessive adjective must be used in front of each one

his brother and sister = son frère et sa soeur

Plural subjects (we, you, they) have only two forms: singular and plural.

OUR YOUR THEIR
masc: pen notre stylo votre stylo leur stylo
fem: watch notre montre votre montre leur montre
plural: friends nos amis vos amis leurs amis

Note: the possessive adjective is almost never used with body parts in French. You can't say 'my hand' or 'my hair.' Instead, the French use pronominal verbs to show possession with body parts:

Je me suis cassé la jambe - I broke my leg (literally, I broke the leg of myself).
Il se lave les cheveux - He's washing his hair (literally, He washes the hair of himself).
avatar
لميس
مشرف مميز
مشرف مميز

انثى
عدد الرسائل : 240
العمر : 25
نقاط : 3812
السٌّمعَة : 0
تاريخ التسجيل : 02/12/2008

معاينة صفحة البيانات الشخصي للعضو

الرجوع الى أعلى الصفحة اذهب الى الأسفل

رد: french adjectives possessives

مُساهمة من طرف الوحش في الثلاثاء 09 ديسمبر 2008, 10:02 pm

شكراا لميس
avatar
الوحش
مشرف
مشرف

ذكر
عدد الرسائل : 263
العمر : 20
نقاط : 3812
السٌّمعَة : 0
تاريخ التسجيل : 02/12/2008

معاينة صفحة البيانات الشخصي للعضو

الرجوع الى أعلى الصفحة اذهب الى الأسفل

الرجوع الى أعلى الصفحة


 
صلاحيات هذا المنتدى:
لاتستطيع الرد على المواضيع في هذا المنتدى